Accueil > Actualités > Séminaires > Séminaire de Ricardo Oliveiros au LOCEAN


Titre : End to End modelling for an ecosystem approach to fisheries in the Northern Humbolt Current Ecosystem
Nom du conférencier : Ricardo Oliveiros
Son affiliation : IMARPE, Peru & CRH, Sète
Laboratoire organisateur : LOCEAN
Date et heure : 03-12-2014 12h15
Lieu : salle de réunion LOCEAN, tour 45/55, 4eme étage
Résumé :

This work represents an original contribution to the methodology for ecosystem models' development as well as the first attempt of an end-to-end (E2E) model for the Northern Humboldt Current Ecosystem (NHCE). The main purpose of the developed model is to build a tool for ecosystem-based management and decision making, reason why the credibility of the model is essential, and this can be assessed through confrontation to data. Additionally, the NHCE exhibits a high climatic and oceanographic variability at several scales, the major source of interannual variability being El Nino Southern Oscillation, which has direct effects on larval survival and fish recruitment success. This context brings the two main methodological questions addressed in this thesis, through the development of an end-to-end model coupling the high trophic level model OSMOSE to the hydrodynamics and biogeochemical model ROMS-PISCES: i) how to calibrate ecosystem models using time series data and ii) how to incorporate the impact of the interannual variability of the environment and fishing. A new Evolutionary Algorithm (EA) designed for the calibration of stochastic models (e.g Individual Based Model) and optimized for maximum likelihood estimation has been developed and applied to the calibration of the OSMOSE model to time series data. The environmental variability is explicit in the model: the ROMS-PISCES model forces the OSMOSE model and drives potential bottom-up effects up the foodweb through plankton and fish trophic interactions, as well as through changes in the spatial distribution of fish. We modeled the potential habitat of the main species of the Humboldt Current Ecosystem using several sources of information (fisheries, scientific surveys and satellite monitoring of vessels) jointly with environmental data from remote sensing and in situ observations, from 1992 to 2008. The final ROMS-PISCES-OSMOSE E2E ecosystem model for the NHCE was calibrated using our EA and a likelihood approach to fit time series data of landings, abundance indices and catch at length distributions from 1992 to 2008. To conclude, some applications of the model for fishery management are presented and their limitations and perspectives discussed.