Accueil > Actualités > Séminaires > Séminaire de Marta Abalos au LOCEAN


Titre : Upwelling across the tropical tropopause: effects on tracer transport and dynamical drivers.
Nom du conférencier : Marta Abalos
Son affiliation : Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain
Laboratoire organisateur : LOCEAN
Date et heure : 27-11-2013 12h15
Lieu : LOCEAN - salle de réunion du 4ème, porte 417 
Résumé :

The zonal mean mass circulation of the stratosphere (i.e. the Brewer-Dobson circulation) is characterized by upwelling in the tropics and downwelling at high latitudes. The ascent near the tropical tropopause largely controls the composition of air entering the stratosphere, thus affecting radiative balances in the entire stratosphere. Despite its relevance, tropical upwelling is poorly constrained by observations and its magnitude, variability and specific forcings are currently uncertain.
The variability of upwelling is especially evident on tracers with steep vertical gradients across the tropical tropopause, such as ozone and carbon monoxide. We use satellite observations of these tracers to investigate the circulation near and above the tropical tropopause, and compare different indirect estimates of upwelling. The observations are complemented by parallel analyses with the chemistry-climate model WACCM, and we quantify the influence of tropical upwelling on tracer variability spanning daily to seasonal timescales.
Finally, we identify the dynamical forcings leading to the observed sub-seasonal fluctuations in upwelling (linked to variability in the tracers). The Brewer-Dobson circulation is dynamically driven, and our results demonstrate the importance of extratropical synoptic-scale and planetary waves in forcing upwelling across the tropical tropopause. Our analyses also highlight the importance of transient variations in the zonal mean wind for communicating remotely the wave drag to the lower tropical stratosphere.

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