Accueil > Actualités > Séminaires > Séminaire de Julien Boé


Titre : Uncertainties in future summer climate change in Europe: global climate models versus regional climate models
Nom du conférencier : Julien Boé
Son affiliation : CERFACS
Laboratoire organisateur : LMD
Date et heure : 05-02-2020 11h00
Lieu : ENS - 24 rue Lhomond - Paris 5 - Salle Froidevaux - E314 - 3ème étage (bouton ascenseur 6)
Résumé :

We assess the differences of future climate changes over Europe in summer as projected by state-of-the-art regional climate models (RCM, from the EURO-Coordinated Regional Downscaling Experiment) and by their forcing global climate models (GCM, from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5) and study the associated physical mechanisms. We show that important discrepancies at large-scales exist between global and regional projections. The RCMs project at the end of the 21st century over a large area of Europe a summer warming 1.5-2 K smaller, and a smaller decrease in precipitation.
The RCMs generally simulate a much smaller increase in shortwave radiation at surface, which directly impacts surface temperature. In addition to differences in cloud cover changes, the absence of time-varying anthropogenic aerosols in most regional simulations plays a major role in the differences of solar radiation changes. We confirm this result with twin regional simulations with and without time-varying anthropogenic aerosols. Additionally, the RCMs simulate larger increases in evapotranspiration over the Mediterranean sea and larger increases / smaller decreases over land, which contribute to smaller changes in relative humidity, with likely impacts on clouds and precipitation changes. Potential causes of these differences in evapotranspiration changes are discussed. Finally, new results from CMIP6 are put in perspective.