Accueil > Actualités > Séminaires > Séminaire de Christian Jakob au LMD


Titre : A new framework for cumulus parametrisation
Nom du conférencier : Christian Jakob
Son affiliation : School of Earth, Atmosphere and Environment and ARC Centre of Excellence for Climate System Science, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia
Laboratoire organisateur : LMD
Date et heure : 07-04-2017 10h30
Lieu : Campus de Jussieu, Salle de réunion du LMD, T. 45-55, 3eme étage
Résumé :

The representation of convection in climate model remains a major Achilles Heel in our pursuit of better predictions of global and regional climate. The basic principle underpinning the parametrisation of tropical convection in global weather and climate models is that there exist discernible interactions between the resolved model scale and the parametrised cumulus scale. Furthermore, there must be at least some predictive power in the larger scales for the statistical behaviour on small scales for us to be able to formally close the parametrised equations.
The presentation will discuss a new framework for cumulus parametrisation based on the idea of separating the prediction of cloud area from that of velocity. This idea is put into practice by combining an existing multi-scale stochastic cloud model with observations to arrive at the prediction of the area fraction for deep precipitating convection. Using mid-tropospheric humidity and vertical motion as predictors, the model is shown to reproduce the observed behaviour of both mean and variability of deep convective area fraction well. The framework allows for the inclusion of convective organisation and can - in principle - be made resolution-aware or resolution-independent.
When combined with simple assumptions about cloud-base vertical motion the model can be used as a closure assumption in any existing cumulus parametrisation. Results of applying this idea in the the ECHAM model indicate significant improvements in the simulation of tropical variability, including but not limited to the MJO.

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